Genetic Resources Center

IITA’s genebank holds plant material (germplasm) of major food crops of Africa. This germplasm is held in trust on behalf of humanity under the auspices of the United Nations. It is distributed without restriction for use in research for food and agriculture.

IITA Accessions 2

IITA Germplasm Collections

Select and Order Germplasm

Introduction

Plant and animal genetic resources are the foundation for sustainable agriculture and global food security. Genetic diversity enables plants to adapt to new pest and diseases as well as to climatic and environmental changes (drought tolerance, soil erosion, human preferences, etc.).

Agrobiodiversity is the component of biodiversity that contributes to food and agriculture.

Today, the world is losing genetic resources at unprecedented rates. The biological basis for food security is fast disappearing. Agricultural sustainability is therefore dependent on a strong conservation component.

Biodiversity can either be maintained in or out of its natural environment, i.e. in or ex situ.

IITA ex situ conservation activity started in the mid-seventies with the establishment of a genebank.

Depending on species reproductive/dissemination biology, collections are either stored in field-, seed- or in vitro genebanks. All crops producing orthodox seeds are maintained at optimal water content in medium- (5 ºC and 30–35% relative humidity) or long-term (-20 ºC, under vacuum) storage conditions.

Clonal crops, i.e., vegetatively propagated, are either maintained in field- and/or in vitro banks.

Genebank manuals

cassava in vitro and genebank cover

Cassava in vitro processing and genebanking

Yam in vitro genebank cover

Yam in vitro genebanking

Seed processing cover

Seed processing for IITA genebank

      
Yams regeneration cover

Yam regeneration guidelines

Cowpea regeneration cover
Cowpea regeneration guidelinesPicture of cover of "Manual for Collection of Cassava Germplasm and Associated Farmer Knowledge in Eastern and Southern Africa" Manual for Collection of Cassava Germplasm and Associated Farmer Knowledge in Eastern and Southern Africa 

Other documents

AYB Descriptor's cover

Descriptors for African yam bean, Sphenostylis stenocarpa (Hochst ex.
A. Rich.) Harms

Standard Operation Procedures (SOP) for IITA in vitro genebank

Standard Operation Procedures (SOP) for IITA in vitro genebank

Standard Operation Procedures (SOP) for IITA Seedbank

Standard Operation Procedures (SOP) for IITA Seedbank

Standard Operation Procedures for IITA Fieldbank

Standard Operation Procedures for IITA Fieldbank

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