IITA in Ghana
IITA has been active in the Republic of Ghana since 1979, when they started working together with the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), the CSIR-Crops Research Institute (CRI) and other Ghanaian government agencies. Through these collaborative projects, improved varieties of maize, cowpea and soybean were released for use by farmers.
The republic of Ghana is a unitary presidential constitutional democracy, located along the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean, in the sub region of West Africa. Ghana is bordered by the Ivory Coast in the west, Burkina Faso in the north, Togo in the east and the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean in the south. A multicultural nation, Ghana has a population of approximately 27 million, spanning a variety of ethnic, linguistic and religious groups. Five percent of the population practices traditional faiths, 71.2% adhere to Christianity and 23.6% are Muslim. Its different geography and ecology ranges from coastal savannahs to tropical jungle. Ghana is the second largest producer of cocoa, with about 15% of the world market. The main food crops grown in Ghana are maize, yams, cassava, and, to a lesser extent, sorghum, and millet.
IITA has seen several young Ghanaian scientists trained at MSc and PHD degree level. The institute has also facilitated the provision of crop germplasm and development of new research projects. The institute’s research on banana and plantain in close partnership with CSIR -CRI and the University of Ghana has lead to valuable new knowledge of cultivation of the crop in the country and in contributing to their economic empowerment of farmers.
Featured Projects in Ghana
Area (total): 238,535 km
Population: 27 million
IITA’s mandate crops in Ghana are:
Maize (corn), Yams, Cowpea, Cassava(manioc), Groundnut (peanut), Soybean, Coffee and Cocoa (cacao)