Gender equality, besides being a fundamental human right, is essential to achieve peaceful societies, with full human potential and sustainable development. Women and girls represent half of the world’s population, which equates to half of its potential. Hence, society would benefit if women and men are given equal opportunities that add value to their contributions.
IITA understands that its vision to reduce hunger, poverty, and malnutrition that can be attained partly through increase in the yield of important staples, can only happen when gender concerns are taken seriously. Hence, IITA supports and promotes gender research to help policymakers and governments take the right interventions to solve gender-related issues.
The IITA gender team envisions having an innovative and diverse network of scientists in IITA to strengthen the quality and visibility of gender research through dialogue, cooperation, and influencing the delivery agenda of the Institute. According to the Gender Science Network, “The team has the goal of becoming a vibrant community of practice for gender research, its communication, and impact.”
The strengthened gender research at IITA, as well as its gender-based policies are expected to contribute to the Institute’s vision of transforming Africa’s agriculture.
GENDER Research Team
Steven Michael Cole is a Senior Scientist and Gender Research Coordinator for the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture. He obtained his PhD in Biological Anthropology from the University of Arizona. He also holds a MSc degree in Agricultural and Resource Economics and a BSc in Health and Nutrition. His research employs both quantitative and qualitative methods to better understand the social and gender dynamics in agricultural contexts in low-income countries. He has extensive experience designing and piloting transformative approaches to overcome gender inequalities in agricultural development outcomes. His latest research integrates gender and other social science perspectives in biophysical research, including in research that aims to achieve gender-responsive breeding and seed systems outcomes and more inclusive value chains.
Elias, M., Cole, S.M., Quisumbing, A., Meinzen-Dick, R., Perez, A.-M., and Twyman, J. (2020, forthcoming). Assessing women’s empowerment in agriculture. In: Pyburn, R. and A. van Eerdewijk (eds.). Advancing gender equality through agricultural and environmental research: past, present and future. IFPRI, Washington, DC.
Farnworth, C.R., Badstue, L. & Cole, S.M. (2020). Engaging men in gender-equitable practices in maize systems of sub-Saharan Africa. GENNOVATE resources for scientists and research teams. CDMX, Mexico: CIMMYT. https://repository.cimmyt.org/handle/10883/20934
Kaminski, A.M., Cole, S.M., Al Haddad, R.E., Kefi, A.S., Chilala, A., Chisule, G., Mukuka, K.N., Longley, C., Teoh, S.J., and Ward, A.R. (2020). Fish losses for whom? A gendered assessment of post-harvest losses in the Barotse Floodplain fishery, Zambia. Sustainability, 12, 10091. https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/12/23/10091
Appiah, S., Antwi- Asare, T.O., Agyire- Tettey, F.K., Abbey, E., Kuwornu, J.K.M., Cole, S. and Chimatiro, S.K. (2020). Livelihood vulnerabilities among women in small-scale fisheries in Ghana. The European Journal of Development Research. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1057/s41287-020-00307-7
Estrada-Carmona, N., Attwood, S., Cole, S.M., Remans, R., and DeClerck, F. (2020). A gendered ecosystem services approach to identify novel and locally-relevant strategies for jointly improving food security, nutrition, and conservation in the Barotse Floodplain. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14735903.2020.1787618
Cole, S.M., Kaminski, A.M., McDougall, C., Kefi, A.S., Marinda, P., Maliko, M., and Mtonga, J. (2020). Gender accommodative versus transformative approaches: A comparative assessment within a post-harvest fish loss reduction intervention. Gender, Technology, and Development, Special Issue on Gender and Fisheries. https://doi.org/10.1080/09718524.2020.1729480
Murphy, S., Charo-Karisa, H., Rajaratnam, S., Cole, S.M., McDougall, C., Mohamed Nasr-Allah, A., Kenawy, D., Abou Zead, M.Y., van Brakel, M., and Banks, L.K. (2020). Selective breeding trait preferences for farmed tilapia among low-income women and men consumers in Egypt: Implications for pro-poor and gender-responsive fish breeding programmes. Aquaculture, 525. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2020.735042
Kaminski, A.M., Kruijssen, F., Cole, S.M., Beveridge, M.C., Dawson, C., Mohan, C.V., Suri, S., Karim, M., Chen, O.L., Phillips, M.J., Downing, W., Weirowski, F., Genschick, S., Tran, N., Rogers, W. and Little, D.C. (2020). A review of inclusive business models and their application in aquaculture development. Reviews in Aquaculture. https://doi.org/10.1111/raq.12415
Olamide Deborah Olaosebikan is a Senior Research Associate specializing in gender research to inform inclusive breeding and variety development and seed systems in root, tuber, and banana (RTB) crops in the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture Headquarters, Ibadan, Nigeria. She is a PhD candidate at the University of Ibadan and holds an MSc and B. Agric in Agricultural Extension and Rural Development. Olamide is a fellow of the Gender responsive researchers equipped for agricultural transformation (GREAT) and seeks to achieve transformative agricultural livelihoods for rural youth, women, and men. Her current research explores mixed methods and participatory and interdisciplinary approaches to capture gender sensitivity, dynamics, needs, priorities, and challenges stakeholders face within the agricultural livelihood value chain to prioritize gender perspectives in breeding program design and implementation.
Nkengla-Asi L, Eforuoku F, Olaosebikan O, Adejoju Ladigbolu T, Amah D, Hanna R, Kumar PL. 2021. Gender Roles in Sourcing and Sharing of Banana Planting Material in Communities with and without Banana Bunchy Top Disease in Nigeria. Sustainability, 13(6): 3310. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063310
Bela Teeken, Afolabi Agbona, Abolore Bello, Olamide Olaosebikan et al. 2020. Understanding cassava varietal preferences through pairwise ranking of gari-eba and fufu prepared by local farmer-processors. Special issue of IJFST on Tropical Roots tubers and bananas (RTB): https://doi.org/10.1111/ijfs.148621xc
Robert Ndjouenkeu, Franklin Ngoualem Kegah, Béla Teeken, Benjamin Okoye, Tessy Madu, Olamide Deborah Olaosebikan et al. 2020. From cassava to gari: mapping of quality characteristics and end-user preferences in Cameroon and Nigeria. Special issue of IJFST on Tropical Roots tubers and bananas (RTB): https://doi.org/10.1111/ijfs.14790
Nkengla-Asi, L; Olaosebikan, O., Che, V., Ngatat, S., Zandjanakou-Tachin, M., Hanna, R. and Kumar, P. 2019. “Gender Norms and Their Implications for Banana Production and Recovery in West Africa”, Segal, M., Kelly, K. and Demos, V. (Ed.) Gender and Practice: Knowledge, Policy, Organizations (Advances in Gender Research, Vol. 28), Emerald Publishing Limited, pp. 61-75. https://doi.org/10.1108/S1529-212620190000028004
Olamide Olaosebikan, Abdulrazaq Bello, Durodola Owoade, Adedayo Ogunade, Olufemi Aina, Paul Ilona, Adeline Muheebwa, Béla Teeken, Peter Iluebbey, Peter Kulakow, Moshood Bakare and Elizabeth Parkes. 2018. Gender-based constraints affecting biofortified cassava production, processing and marketing among men and women adopters in Oyo and Benue States, Nigeria. Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology, 105, pp. 17–27 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmpp.2018.11.007
Teeken, B., O. Olaosebikan, I. Haleegoah, E. Oladejo, T. Madu, A. Bello, E. Parkes, C. Egesi, P. Kulakow, H. Kirscht and H.A. Tufan. 2018. Cassava trait preferences of men and women farmers in Nigeria: implications for breeding. Economic Botany, 20(10), pp. 1–15 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12231-018-9421-7
Olamide Olaosebikan, Peter Kulakow, Hale Tufan, Tessy Madu, Chiedozie Egesi and Béla Teeken. 2018. A case study of cassava trait preferences of men and women farmers in Nigeria: Implications for gender-responsive cassava variety development. In: State of the Knowledge for Gender in Breeding: Case Studies for Practitioners. Lima (Peru). CGIAR Gender and Breeding Initiative. Working Paper. No. 3. rtb.cgiar.org/gender-breeding-initiative
Ajambo, S, Rietveld, A, Nkengla, L.W, Niyongere, C, Dhed’a, D.B, Olaosebikan, D.O, Nitunga, E, Toengaho, J, Kumar P. Lava, Hanna, R, Kankeu R. Sufo and Omondi, A. 2018. Recovering banana production in bunchy top-affected areas in Sub-Saharan Africa: developing gender-responsive approaches. Acta Hortic. 1196, 219-228 DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2018.1196.27 https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2018.1196.27
Bentley, J.A. Olanrewaju, T. Madu, O. Olaosebikan, T. Abdoulaye, T. Wossen, V. Manyong, P. Kulakow, B. Ayedun, M. Ojide, G. Girma, I. Rabbi, G. Asumugha, and M. Tokula. 2017. Cassava farmers’ preferences for varieties and seed dissemination system in Nigeria: Gender and regional perspectives. IITA Monograph, IITA, Ibadan, Nigeria. ISBN 978-978-8444-82-4. 90 pphttps://www.iita.org/wpcontent/uploads/2017/Cassava_farmers_preferences_monograph.pdf
Béla Teeken is a social science and gender researcher at the International Institute of tropical agriculture. He has a background in crop physiology, rural sociology, and interdisciplinary research and holds a PhD in social science and an MSc in crop physiology and rural development sociology from Wageningen University. He has a major interest in how ecology, local institutions, culture and gender shape and determine local innovations and agricultural practices and how these innovations and practices related to relates to those of formal scientific research.
He has specific expertise in participatory field trials and food product quality evaluation in rice as well as cassava in relation to socio-cultural segmentation and gender. This includes qualitative as well as quantitative data analysis using insights from anthropology; sociology; crop agronomy/physiology; genetics and history. Studies cover work in Ghana, Togo, Nigeria and Cameroon.
He is currently working with breeders of roots, tubers and banana crops to inform and reform CGIAR breeding programs to a demand led stage gate breeding program approach.
Teeken, B. & Temudo, M. P. (2021). Varietal selection in marginal agroecological niches and cultural landscapes: the case of rice in the Togo Hills. Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems (accepted manuscript) http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21683565.2021.1878405.
Teeken, B., Agbona, A., Bello, A., Olaosebikan, O., Alamu, E., Adesokan, M., Awoyale, W., Madu, T., Okoye, B., Chijioke, U., Owoade, D., Okoro, M., Bouniol, A., Dufour, D., Hershey, C., Rabbi, I., Maziya‐Dixon, B., Egesi, C., Tufan, H. and Kulakow, P. (2020). Understanding cassava varietal preferences through pairwise ranking of gari‐eba and fufu prepared by local farmer–processors. Int J Food Sci Technol. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijfs.14862
Ndjouenkeu, R., Ngoualem Kegah, F., Teeken, B., Okoye, B., Madu, T., Olaosebikan, O.D., Chijioke, U., Bello, A., Oluwaseun Osunbade, A., Owoade, D., Takam‐Tchuente, N.H., Biaton Njeufa, E., Nguiadem Chomdom, I.L., Forsythe, L., Maziya‐Dixon, B. and Fliedel, G. (2020), From cassava to gari: mapping of quality characteristics and end‐user preferences in Cameroon and Nigeria. Int J Food Sci Technol. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijfs.14790
Olaosebikan, O., A. Bello, D. Owoade, A. Ogunade, O. Aina, P. Ilona, A. Muheebwa, B. Teeken, P. Iluebbey, P. Kulakow, M. Bakare, E. Parkes. (2019). Gender-based constraints affecting biofortified cassava production, processing and marketing among men and women adopters in Oyo and Benue States, Nigeria. Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology, Vol. 105, pp. 17-27. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmpp.2018.11.007.
Teeken, B., Olaosebikan, O., Haleegoah, J., Oladejo, E., Madu, T., Bello, A., Parkes, E., Egesi, C., Kulakow, P., Kirscht, H., Tufan, H. (2018). Cassava trait preferences of men and women farmers in Nigeria: implications for breeding. Economic Botany, 20(10): 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12231-018-9421-7
Teeken, B., Nuijten, E., Temudo, M.P., Okry, F., Mokuwa, A., Struik, P.C., Richards, P. 2012. Maintaining or Abandoning African Rice: lessons for Understanding Processes of Seed Innovation. Human ecology 40(6) 879-892. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10745-012-9528-x
Mokuwa, A., Nuijten, E., Okry, F., Teeken, B., Maat, H., Richards, P. and Struik, P. C. (2014). Processes Underpinning Development and Maintenance of Diversity in Rice in West Africa: Evidence from Combining Morphological and Molecular Markers. PLoS ONE 9(1): e85953. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0085953
Mokuwa, A., Nuijten, E., Okry, F., Teeken, B., Maat, H., Richards, P. and Struik, P. C. (2013). Robustness and strategies of adaptation within farmer varieties of African rice (Oryza glaberrima) and Asian rice (Oryza sativa) across West Africa. PLoS One 8(3): e34801. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0034801
Gundula Fischer (PhD) is a social scientist and gender expert for the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture. She has long-term experience in gender research in organizational and agricultural settings using qualitative or mixed methods approaches. Currently, her work focuses on sustainable agricultural intensification, mechanization and value chains with a keen interest in developing gender-transformative approaches. She has been engaged in studies in Ghana, Mali, Tanzania and Malawi.
McDougall, C., Badstue, L., Mulema, A., Fischer, G., Najjar, D., Pyburn, R., Elias, M., Joshi, D., and Vos, A. (2021, forthcoming). Toward structural change: gender transformative approaches. In: Pyburn, R. and A. van Eerdewijk (eds.). Advancing gender equality through agricultural and environmental research: past, present and future. IFPRI, Washington, DC.
Fischer, G., Kotu, B., and Mutungi, C. (2021, forthcoming). Sustainable and equitable agricultural mechanization? A gendered perspective on maize shelling. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems.
Fischer, G., Darkwah, A., Kamoto, J., Kampanje-Phiri, J., Grabowski, P, and Djenontin, I. (2020). Sustainable agricultural intensification and gender-biased land tenure systems: An exploration and conceptualization of interactions. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, https://doi.org/10.1080/14735903.2020.1791425
Zulu, L., Djenontin, I.N.S., Darkwah, A., Kamoto, J., Kampanje-Phiri, J., Fischer, G., Grabowski, P. and Egyir, I. (2020). Realizing inclusive SAI: Contextualizing indicators to better evaluate gender and intergenerational inequity in SAI processes and outcomes – cases from Southern and Western Africa. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, https://doi.org/10.1080/14735903.2020.1737356
Fischer, G., Patt, N., Ochieng, J., and Mvungi, H. (2020). Participation in and gains from traditional vegetable value chains: A gendered analysis of perceptions of labour, income and expenditure in producers’ and traders’ households. European Journal of Development Research, http://link.springer.com/article/10.1057/s41287-020-00257-0
Michalscheck, M., Groot, J.C.J., Fischer, G., and Tittonell, P. (2020). Land use decisions: by whom and to whose benefit? A serious game to uncover dynamics in farm land allocation at household level in Northern Ghana, Land Use Policy, 91, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2019.104325
Birhanu, B., Traoré, K., Sanogo, K., Tabo, R., Fischer, G. and Whitbread, A. (2020). Contour bunding technology-evidence and experience in the semiarid region of southern Mali, Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, https://doi.org/10.1017/S1742170519000450
Fischer, G., Wittich, S. and Fründt, S. (2019). Gender analysis in farming systems and action research: A training manual, Ibadan, Nigeria: IITA. https://hdl.handle.net/10568/100149
Fischer, G., Wittich, S., Malima, G., Sikumba, G., Lukuyu, B., Ngunga, D., and Rugalabam, J. (2018). Gender and mechanization: Exploring the sustainability of mechanized forage chopping in Tanzania. Journal of Rural Studies, 64, 112-122, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2018.09.012
Kipo Jimah is a Gender person with International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) and based in Tamale-Ghana. He obtained a Master of Philosophy Degree in Development Studies from University of Ghana (2015). He also holds a Master of Science Degree in Applied Social Research (Sociology and Anthropology) from University of Hull England (2007), a Bachelor of Arts Degree in Geography and a Diploma in Education from the University of Cape Coast, Ghana (1998). He has 20 years working experience in both private and public sectors of Ghana. He is currently a Gender Specialist for IITA Africa RISING West Africa project. He previously worked as a Gender Officer for a Global Affairs Canada food security project known as Resilient and Sustainable Livelihood Transformation (RESULT) in Northern Ghana from July 2013 to December 2016. Between August 2007 to July 2013 he was with the Ghana Strategy Support Program of the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). Between January 2001 and July 2007, he worked with the Ghana Local Government Service as a budget officer in Northern Ghana.
Jimah, K (2019). Decision Makers in Ghana and Malawi increase knowledge and capacity to use methods and tools for assessing the effect of SAI for women and the youth.
Jimah, K (2015). Participation of the youth in agriculture as a livelihood activity: The role of the block farm programme in the Techiman Municipal Assembly of the Brong Ahafo Region, Ghana. MPHIL Thesis
Ngeleza G., O. Rebecca, K. Jimah and S. Kolavalli. 2010. Cropping Practices and Labour Requirements in Field Operations for Major Crops in Ghana, What Needs to Be Mechanized? IFPRI discussion paper
Houssou, N., X. Diao, F. Cossar, S. Kolavalli, K. Jimah and P. Aboagye 2012. Is Specialization in Agricultural Mechanization a Viable Business Model? The Case of Ghana. Conference paper
Takeshima, H., K. Jimah, S. Kolavalli, and X. Diao, X. 2012. The dynamics of Transformation: Insights from Exploratory Review of Rice Farming in Kpong Irrigation System (KIS). Conference paper
Diao, X., F. Cossar, N. Houssou, S. Kolavalli, K. Jimah and P. Aboagye. 2012. Mechanization in Ghana: Searching for Sustainable Service Supply Models. IFPRI discussion paper
Benin, S., M. Johnson, K. Jimah, J. Taabazuing, A. Tenga, E. Abokyi, G. Nasser. 2012. “Evaluation of Four Special Initiatives of the Ministry of Food and Agriculture, Government of Ghana.” International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, DC.