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The Republic of Zimbabwe, a landlocked country in Southern Africa, shares a border with Zambia to the northwest, Mozambique to the northeast and east, South Africa to the south, and Botswana to the west. Zimbabwe’s capital and largest city is Harare. It’s land area is 387 thousand sq km and estimated population in 2016 was 16.2 million. Zimbabwe has approximately 4 million hectares (40000 sq km) of arable land based on statistics in 2013. In 2015, approximately 7.45 million Zimbabweans made up the agricultural population.

Zimbabwe lies within the tropics, however, many areas have a subtropical climate because they lie 900 masl. Maize is the staple food crop in Zimbabwe, with millet, wheat, and barley also grown for the local market. Groundnut and soybean are also commonly grown. Tobacco is Zimbabwe’s leading agricultural export and one of its main sources of foreign exchange.

Quick Facts

Capital: Harare

Currency: Zimbabwe Dollar

Area (total): 387,000 km2

Population: 16.2 million (2016)

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Peter Chinwada
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IITA-Zambia, Southern Africa Research and Administration Hub (SARAH) Campus, Plot 1458B, Ngwerere Road (off Great North Road), Chongwe District 10100, Lusaka Province, Zambia